Logical Information Systems and the Semantic Web

Logical Information Systems and the Semantic Web

Sébastien Ferré (Irisa, Rennes) -

5 Mai 2011.

Abstract :

Logical Information Systems (LIS) are a paradigm of information
systems that rely on logics to represent and reason about
information, and on Formal Concept Analysis (FCA) to tightly combine
querying and navigation. Their user interfaces are similar to those
of Faceted Search (FS) systems. Users are guided in the formulation of
complex logical queries through a navigation structure that is
automatically generated from data. Hence, no a priori knowledge of
the data and the query language is necessary to explore a dataset.

LIS have recently been extended to explore complex graphs of objects,
rather than collections of objects only : e.g., a genealogy of people.
This extension is based on the standard knowledge representation
formalisms of the Semantic Web, which makes LIS applicable to the
growing amount of semantic data. The navigation structure is formalized,
and proved to satisfy important properties : safeness (no dead-end),
and completeness w.r.t. an expressive query language.

In the course of this presentation, the main concepts and languages
of the Semantic Web will be shortly presented, our approach will be
illustrated with the Camelis 2 prototype, and a number of research
issues and perspectives will be discussed.

publie le lundi 16 mai 2011